What to do after the operation?
If the patient wants as quickly as possiblerecover from the operation and associated anesthesia, then he must follow certain rules. Their compliance helps prevent some complications of the early postoperative period. We will tell in more detail what to do after the operation in order to get rid of anesthesia as quickly as possible and recover.
What to do after the operation in the first hours
If your anesthesiologist has not given any otherrecommendations, then you can start drinking an hour after the operation. In the postoperative period, you can not drink carbonated or sweet drinks; they cause vomiting and increase bloating. It is best to drink slightly acidified with lemon juice boiled water or warm loose tea.
If fluid intake is not accompanied by nausea and much less vomiting, then a few hours after the operation, you can start taking light foods (broth, yogurt, mousse, jelly).
Anesthesia after surgery
If after the completion of the action of anesthesiayou will begin to experience pain in the area of a postoperative wound, then you should not tolerate it. Tell your doctor about this and you will be given an injection of painkillers. After the operation, during the first hours narcotic analgesics (morphine, promedol, omnopon) can be used for anesthesia. If the pain is not expressed sharply, then for anesthesia it is quite enough injection of such drugs as analgin or ketonal.
Prevention of complications
When a person is forced to lie in bed, heit is difficult to perform deep breaths. This leads to stagnation in the lungs and can cause pneumonia (pneumonia). To prevent such a serious postoperative complication, if the doctor does not prescribe another regimen, two hours after the operation, you should start turning in bed. In addition, every two hours to carry out respiratory gymnastics, for example, inflating the balloon.
Long standing in lying position is concealed inthe danger of blood clots in the veins of the lower limbs, which can come off the vein wall and with the blood flow into the pulmonary artery system. This is a deadly complication that can cause a sudden death of a person. For its prevention in the postoperative period, bandage of the lower extremities is carried out with elastic bandages, prescribing medications that reduce blood clotting (aspirin, fractiparin). As soon as the condition allows, the patient under the guidance of the instructor should begin to engage in exercise therapy.
If the operation was performed on the abdominal organscavity or pelvis, then in the postoperative period there is often a decrease in intestinal motility (undulating movement of the intestinal wall). This condition is usually observed about two to three days. During this period, it is recommended to adhere to a light dietary diet (soups - purees, kissels, sour-milk products, paired cutlets, vegetable purees).
Answering a question about what to do aftersurgery to avoid complications, we can not help but mention the need for early activation of the patient, which helps prevent many complications of the postoperative period. As we have already said, after most cavitary operations two hours later you can turn in bed. After five or six hours I allow you to sit in bed, and after 12 to 24 hours you are allowed to get up and walk around the ward.
At the present time, doctors are striving as much as possiblefaster discharge of patients from the hospital. After a cavitary operation, the discharge is most often performed on the third - fourth days, and with small surgical interventions on the day of the operation.