What is the abdominal cavity?
Often people get a doctor's direction for ultrasoundabdominal cavity. Of course, all follow medical prescriptions. But what is the abdominal cavity, after all? In fact, this concept combines a fairly large group of organs.
Below we will talk about the location, structure and contents of the human abdominal cavity.
Than the abdominal cavity is limited
Let us first understand what is the abdominal cavity inspatial arrangement. From above, it is delimited from other sections of the human body by the diaphragm - the thoracic section of the trunk begins behind it. Below is the pelvic cavity. Sometimes the abdominal and pelvic regions are joined together. Behind, along the back, the lumbar part adjoining the column of the spine serves as the interface. The entire system is supported by the abdominal muscles. On the sides, the abdominal cavity is also restricted by tendons and muscles - this time, the lateral ones. The space bounded by these organs and zones is what the abdominal cavity is. It is filled with a variety of organs that play a vital role in the life of the human body.
Three abdominal zones
If you take the abdominal cavity as a whole, it is as if covered with a special coating called the peritoneum. And this shell divides the cavity itself into three sections:
- peritoneal space: it is in front, directly behind the muscular soft wall;
- retroperitoneal - is located behind, closer to the spine;
- The pelvic cavity is the lower part of the entire peritoneal cavity.
What is located in the peritoneum
The entire cavity contains the maximum amountfundamentally important for the life of the body - only the brain and spine remained independent. In the front part are all the components of the intestine, including the currently considered useless appendix and excluding some part of the duodenum, stomach, gallbladder and spleen.
In the retroperitoneal department - pancreas, kidneys with ureters, accompanying adrenal glands and the remaining (it should be noted, the largest) part of the duodenum.
The pelvic cavity stores in itself the excretory organs -rectum and bladder, plus internal reproductive organs. That is, women in the pelvic cavity have a vagina and a uterus with appendages, and in men - the prostate gland.
Based on these data on what is abdominala cavity, it is necessary to realize even more how careful it is to be treated. After all, negligence can lead to the fact that you will stop working one of the vital systems, the violation of functionality which threatens the consequences, even lethal.