What is nature?
Nature is the most valuable thing that we have. This sounds strange, at first glance. And what about our achievements - modern machines, technologies, networks? Are they not the most valuable for people? Try, turn off the Internet on the whole planet, catastrophes happen a great many! And if you remove everything that is called nature? Then we ourselves, people, will not. Because we are also part of nature. To appreciate the importance of the relationship between a person and everything around him, one must determine what nature is.
History of the word
Let's turn to the Old Russian language. The word "nature" consists of two parts "pri" and "genus", that is all that under Roda. The clan is an ancient god, the patron of mankind. So, the answer to the question, what is nature, is this: everything that surrounds a person. Of course, in ancient times there were no factories, high-rise buildings, transport routes, people were surrounded only by forests, fields, mountains, rivers.
This concept has come down to this day. But appeared around the person a lot of the creations of his hands, which nature can not be called. These are various buildings, manufactures, huge metropolises, factories, even satellites in orbit. Of course, they have nothing to do with nature. From here one can deduce the main difference of nature: this is all that is not created by human hands.
Another translation of the word "nature" from Latin -the material world, its original sounding natura. This is an external world that has been unchanged for millions of years, which can not be created by a man who is given to people from above. So the ancient scientists interpreted the notion "nature" intricately.
There are sciences that study everything thatrefers to nature. This is natural science, studying the laws of nature, structure, phenomena, changes. This biology, anatomy, botany and many others. Partly here you can include physics and chemistry. Previously, the natural sciences have been referred to philosophy and mathematics, but with the development of these sciences increasingly distance from all natural and have a purely industrial applied nature.
It is necessary to dwell on what isnatural phenomenon. This is a variety of manifestations of weather - snow, rain, heat, wind. Everything that happens to the objects of nature is also a natural phenomenon. Leaf fall, flowering, a drawing of a frost on a glass, a current of the river, an ice drift, a full moon, a starfall are all very beautiful phenomena of the nature, and this enumeration can be continued indefinitely.
There are also negative natural phenomena: tornadoes, floods, snow avalanches, giant tsunami waves, whirlpools and others. Do not forget that in nature everything is harmonious and in balance. If there are negative phenomena, then they, too, are for some reason needed. The main thing is to look at the natural massif as a large unified system, but as a small, individually taken piece of land.
Living and inanimate nature
It is very simple to explain what is living nature,it can even a child. Animals that can not help admiring, plants that strike with their harmonious beauty, fish, algae, bacteria, microbes, unicellular birds, the whole world is so diverse that nobody can enumerate everything. And you can talk about representatives of wildlife endlessly. What is an inanimate nature, it is also not difficult to guess. These are rivers, mountains, rocks, magma, volcanoes, lakes, oceans, glaciers, continents, islands and much more. Non-living nature is no less beautiful. Many poets sang mountains and simple boulders, waterfalls and sea surface.