What is lamblia?
Giardiasis is a parasitic disease,called lamblia. What is lamblia? These are the simplest microorganisms, which cause inflammation of the intestinal mucosa and indigestion.
The disease is more likely to affect children from 1 to 5 years of age, the probability of infection decreases with age.
What is dangerous lamblia
Many parents, not understanding what giardia ischildren and than they are dangerous for an organism, ignore a direction of the doctor on inspection. But do not underestimate the consequences of this disease. Once in the intestines and actively multiplying, lamblia suck vitamins and nutrients from the body out of the body.
The toxic products of decomposition released by them reduceimmunity of the child, cause allergies, dermatitis, beriberi, frequent colds. In advanced stages of lamblia, the nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular systems are affected.
What is lamblia - symptoms and diagnosis
The first signs of the disease may manifest10-15 days after infection with lamblia. In infants, giardiasis is manifested by a loose stool, flashes of heat, inhibition of physical development.
In children older than the above signs mayappear skin rashes, attacks of dyspnea, acute pain in the navel, nausea and vomiting. Symptoms that cause lamblia can be taken for signs of food poisoning, atopic dermatitis, asthma. Therefore, only a doctor can establish the diagnosis on the basis of a number of laboratory tests:
- the analysis of a feces and a duodenum on presence of cysts of ljamblias;
- enterotest (swallowing a gelatin capsule with a nylon thread);
- intestinal biopsy;
- serological diagnosis (blood test);
- biochemical hepatogram (liver test).
Treatment and prevention
Diagnosis of giardiasis in one of the family members requires examination and treatment of all residents in this room. Treat lamblia with an integrated approach that includes:
- Antibiotics and protistocidal drugs (Metronidazole, Furazolidone, Aminoquinol).
- Pathogenetic treatment (bifidumbacterin, antifungal, enzymatic preparations).
- Symptomatic therapy.
- Compliance with diet (consumption of vitamins, exclusion of stress food).
Preventive maintenance of disease first of allimplies the observance of sanitary and hygienic rules, the use of boiled or purified water, regular anthelmintic treatments of domestic animals.