What is a hypothesis?

Hypothesis. What does this word mean, what is its origin and use? Let's figure it out.

The hypothesis has Greek roots and in translationmeans "guess, supposition." Thus, a hypothesis is any statement, an assumption that requires proof. It can be refuted or approved at the entrance to the study of a particular question or problem. By the way, this hypothesis differs from its antonym - an axiom, a thought that has already been proven completely.

Examples of the use of the word "hypothesis"

  • Scientific assumption, which must be proved theoretically or experimentally. For example: "UFO scientists have hypothesized the existence of parallel worlds."
  • In colloquial speech, the word "hypothesis" denotes any assumption. For example: "He put forward a hypothesis about why the attitude of his superiors changed so much."

Types of hypotheses

  • A general hypothesis is the assumption oflaws of the development of nature in general, society and man, this assumption, based on scientific evidence. For example: "There is a hypothesis of the formation of the universe."
  • A particular hypothesis is an assumption about the patterns of development of any part of the studied objects and phenomena that have been singled out from the general group. For example: "Hypothesis about the origin of the influenza virus."
  • A single hypothesis is the assumption ofthe existence, formation or development of something that has a single, concrete example. For example: "The doctor builds hypotheses of the disease of a particular person and prescribes the appropriate treatment of the patient."

In the articles on this site you can find out the meaning of many other words of Definition.

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