What is a confederation?
Listing the forms of state system, we can not say about the confederation. What is a confederation? It is a temporary union of sovereign states to achieve various goals.
More information about the state forms of the device can be found in the article What are the states.
The confederation is a transitional form of the state, which then either becomes a federation or falls into unitary states.
Signs of Confederation
The main features of the confederation are that each union state:
- is sovereign and possesses all the fullness of state power;
- has its own system of authorities;
- has its own armed forces;
- has its own constitution and system of legislation;
- has the right to withdraw from the confederation after achieving its goals.
At the same time, there is no single citizenship in the confederation,and the decisions of the general higher coordinating authorities are carried out on the basis of consensus. Of course, such authorities consist of delegates from sovereign states.
Also, the confederation does not have its own sovereignty (it is retained by the states that make up its membership). It may adopt its own constitution, but the legislative system is usually not created.
An interesting example: the official name of Switzerland is the Swiss Confederation, but in fact this state is a federation, since it consists of cantons (like states in the US) whose powers are limited by the federal constitution.
The European Union can be considered a confederation.