What are the poems?
A small artwork writtenin poetic form according to all the laws of versification, is called a poem. It is worth noting that many poems written by poets are divided into different types and genres. What are the poems, how many types of poems?
These are poems that do not have rhymes. Their variety is the so-called folk verses, which are distinguished by melody and melody. And the white verses themselves are rooted in the so-called rhythmic verse. It applies to all ancient and European poetry of a later period, when the tradition of rhymed poetry has not yet developed. The artistic reception of white verses is associated with the conscious ignoring of rhyme. In the example of the white verse, one can cite a fragment from Pushkin's Stone Guest, beginning with the words "Come - open the balcony. How quiet the sky is. "
What poems are there yet? Non-rhymed verses are called vers libre. They differ in that they are divided into separate verse lines that do not have constant signs of their commensurability. Blok's poem "She came from the frost, reddened" can serve as an excellent example.
Otherwise it is called a free iambic. This is a free alternation of lines, which are of different numbers. Basically, a free verse is suitable for conveying spoken language. An example here is the beginning of Krylov's fable "The Crow and the Fox".
As you have already understood, types of poems are the mostdifferent. For example - single poetry. Their peculiarity is that in addition to the rhymed lines in the stanza, there are also non-rhymed ones. The scheme of rhyme may look like this: ABCB, AABA, ABAC. "Burying yourself in the fresh weeds" of Blok is an example of idle verses.
This verse, which is built on only onerhyme. Monorim is not typical for European poetry, but it is common in the Middle and Middle East. An excellent illustrative example will be the numerous rubars of Omar Khayyam.
Very interesting variety of poems. In it, each stanza begins with a new letter, and all together they are built in alphabetical order ("Antisemite Antanta Mil" by Vladimir Mayakovsky).
They are built on non-traditional methods of rhyming, rhythm alternation and so on. These include pantorisms, palindromes, acrostics, anacycles and much more.
His first letters of all the lines form some word or the name of the author of the poem. Acrostics were quite popular in medieval poetry.
Unlike acrostic, here words or phrases are formed from the last letters of each line ("Bell" by I. Chudasov).
This is another of the genres of visual poetry. Often considered as a variant of figurative verses. These are verses in which different letters from different lines are added to an encrypted phrase or word, resulting in the formation of geometric shapes or lines. As an example - a poetic message Bryusov Vadim Shershenevich.
This poem is a humorous plan, which is formed from excerpts from different poems by one author or several.
The peculiarity of this type of poem is that all words begin with a single letter ("Strange light of fate" by Tatyana Nuzhina).
This poem can be read from top to bottom on the leftto the right, and vice versa - from the bottom up from right to left. An anacycle is read not by letters, but by words. One of the examples of anacycles is V. Brusov's Cruel Thoughts.
Ropalistic verse or ropalik
We have already considered various types of poems. Ropalic is a verse in which the number of syllables is gradually increasing. Such a technique was first noticed by Homer, when in his hexameter each successive word in the line contained in itself one more syllable. After the ancient poets used this technique and tried to write in this way whole poems. An example is the "Prayer" of Ausonia.