What are the capitals of the former Soviet republics?
The USSR or the Union of Soviet Socialistrepublics disintegrated in 1991. The collapse was influenced by a number of reasons and circumstances of a political nature, today there are many versions of the collapse of a powerful state in the past.
More details about them you can read in our article - When the USSR collapsed.
Mighty Power, held on the world stagemore than two-thirds of the century, fell, or, in the language of ancient Russia, fell into territorial fragmentation. The "Belovezhsky Agreement" of 1991 opened a new page, both in the history of the Russian Federation and in the annals of the remaining former Soviet republics, which at the time of the collapse there were 15, and which began to function as independent states. A complete list of the countries united under the auspices of the Soviet Union, you can get from our article - Which countries were part of the USSR.
During the period of the Union's existence, each republicremained autonomous and had its own capital. Below is a brief overview of each of them, as well as a brief informative description of the official main city.
- RSFSR - Moscow - today is the capital of the Russian Federation. It is included in the first ten world cities by population
- Azerbaijan SSR - Baku - the largest city in the Caucasus, the largest port of the Caspian Sea
- The Armenian SSR - Yerevan is the political, scientific and cultural center of Armenia.
- Belarusian SSR - Minsk - the city has the status ofcity-hero. In the capital of Belarus today is the headquarters of the CIS - an organization designed to regulate relations between the former union republics.
- The Georgian SSR - Tbilisi - the city was founded in the 5th century AD. The strategic location of the capital between Europe and Asia has more than once made Tbilisi an apple of discord between different parts of the Caucasus.
- The Kazakh SSR - Alma-Ata is the largest city, known as the "Southern Capital"
- The Kirghiz SSR is Frunze, the Kyrgyz name is Bishkek, the city is located at the foothills of the Tien Shan.
- The Latvian SSR - Riga is the largest Baltic city today with a population of more than 600 thousand inhabitants. The historical center of the capital is listed in UNESCO.
- The Lithuanian SSR - Vilnius - for many centuries was the leading city of the Commonwealth.
- The Moldavian SSR - Chisinau - has a special status - the municipality in the administrative division of Moldova.
- Tajik SSR - Dushanbe - in 2009 the city was declared the capital of Islamic culture of Tajikistan.
- The Turkmen SSR - Ashgabat - today the city is a separate administrative unit of Turkmenistan with the status of the region.
- The Uzbek SSR - Tashkent - today is one of the five most populated cities in the CIS, with a population of over 2 million people.
- The Ukrainian SSR - Kiev is a hero city, in history it is known as the center of Kievan Rus due to what and today it is called "Mother of Russian Cities".
- The Estonian SSR - Tallinn - today is a major tourist destination in the Baltic States, when Estonia joined the Russian Empire, the capital was called Reval.