Transport tax in 2019: changes
Russian tax legislation is constantly changing, and lately, parliamentarians have seriously begun to reshape the vehicle tax levied on car owners. Talking about its abolition turned out to be just rumors, but a number of serious changes in 2019 would nevertheless be made to it, and it would be better to figure it out in advance.
The complete abolition of the tax, which motorists dreamed before the presidential election, of course, is impossible in the foreseeable future - it is too important for the treasury: it is annually collected about 150 billion rubles. With the current economic conditions for the sake of such a source of income, you can not pay special attention to the discontent of citizens.
Meanwhile, discontent is accumulating, especially in those regions where the stakes are particularly high. Therefore, Russian lawmakers are actively trying to figure out how to reduce the degree of popular indignation, without decreasing the collection rate. At the beginning of this year, the tax was written off old debts, but this is clearly not enough.
Now transport tax is paid by all physical persons who own a vehicle, and far from only a car: the collection applies to motorcycles and yachts - almost all types of transport with an engine. The law exempts beneficiaries from paying it (pensioners, disabled people and others) and some other citizens (for example, car owners in the hijacking).
Deadlines for payment in 2019 will not change: as before, by the end of the year they will have to pay the amount for 2018, and if you need to pay for passenger cars once a year, then for freight cars - in part once a quarter. The final amount of tax depends heavily on regional rates: for example, in Moscow and St. Petersburg will have to pay up to 24 rubles per horse, and in some Kaliningrad - only 2.5 rubles.
The multiplying factors for luxury cars will not change either: for cars no older than 3 years and more expensive than 3 million rubles, they will be 1.1–1.5, under 5 years old and worth 5–10 million rubles - 2, and for owners of cars older than 10 years and more than 10 million rubles will have to pay 3 times more. Perhaps for a car worth 3-5 million rubles will soon introduce a single coefficient of 1.1.
Fight for ecology
One of the most likely ways to reform the transport tax is to replace it with an environmental fee,from which new cars will be released below the environmental standards Euro-4, Euro-5 and Euro-6. Such a bill is planning to prepare in 2019 the State Duma Committee on Transport and Construction.
This initiative will be a kind of response to the criticism of the principle currently in force: in the opinion of many ordinary motorists and a number of economists, only power is unacceptable to take into account - it is necessary to adjust the rate in accordance with the frequency of car use. It is unfair if a car in a garage is as expensive as used every day.
At the same time, parliamentarians are planning to finally abolish regional differences in rates - now the tax will be calculated the same throughout the country. The main criterion for determining the tax base will be mileage - good news for those who rarely use cars. It is possible that the new tax will simply be included in the price of the fuel.
In this case, you will not have to pay anything separately to the tax authorities - but the price of fuel will also rise sharply, which can cause serious popular indignation in the already difficult conditions. Experts also suggest that the cost of travel in public transport may increase.
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