Tile laying technologyOctober 29, 2009
The technology of laying the tiles is such that it depends on the first row of the tile whether the subsequent rows will turn out to be even, like in a ruler, or curved. If the first row to put correctly, the rest will fall by themselves.
In the first lesson, we determined the height of the first row and the location of the tile. It's time to start laying it. If space allows, then under the first row can be attached nails rail. After cutting all the necessary tile fragments, we apply the tile solution across the entire width of the brickwork to a height of 3-4 rows on the wall with a 6 mm notched trowel in order to complete the work as quickly as possible. But if you are not sure that in the next half hour you will be able to veneer this surface, apply the solution on a smaller area.
The tile is pressed into the mortar with such a force that its layer with a thickness of 6 mm is reduced to 3 mm, evenly distributed under the tile. The remains of the old solution are removed before applying a new one.
Facing the wall is almost the same as facing the floor.We measure the floor, determine the location of the tile and lay the first row. Mark the location of the seams depending on the size of the floor, usually every 3-4 rows.
After applying the solution is leveled with a notched trowel upwards. Spatula hold almost horizontally.
The powder solution is mixed in water in the proportion indicated on the package. The mixer mounted on the drill is used.
The consistency is considered correct if the solution does not spread on the spatula. The notched trowel has two even edges and two toothed edges.
The size of the teeth should correspond to the size and thickness of the tile in order to apply the necessary amount of mortar to the tile. A notched trowel with 6 mm tines leaves “sausages” with a thickness of 6 mm, at the same time removing half of the mortar. After pressing the tile with its back surface, a layer of 3 mm is formed. For a tile with a size of 20 x 20 cm, a trowel with teeth bxb mm is used. For a tile size of 30 x 30 cm, a spatula with teeth of 8 × 8 mm is required, and for tiles of a larger size - with teeth of 10 x 10 or 12 x 12 mm. For mosaic tiles - with teeth 3 × 3 mm.
Cord for tile
A cord 3 mm thick is commonly used - both for vertical and horizontal masonry. The trimmer always runs a 3 mm thick cord over a row of tiles to lay the next row at a distance of 3 mm. After half an hour the cord is removed from the gap between the tiles.
With the help of a cord, vertical seams can also be adjusted, but here veneers often manage with an eye meter. You can use 3-mm crosses for tiles, but working with them is not so easy and fast. By applying the cord, you can compensate for surface irregularities. Solid crosses do not allow this, besides, they must be removed before stitching, which is not so easy.
Cord helps keep distance
A 3 mm thick cord is laid above the top edge of the tile. It should fit to the tile, not sinking into the solution. In the corners, you can fasten the cord by pressing into the vertical seams.
We start from the corner
Cladding starts from the corner and is performed by alternately stacking from each corner. The tile is laid on the cord and pressed so as to obtain a uniform layer of mortar 3 mm thick.
To check if there is enough solution on the wall,press and remove one tile. The reverse side of the tile must be covered with a layer of mortar on at least 3/4 of the surface.
- The mortar is put on the floor in the same way as on the wall. With the flat side of the b-millimeter notched trowel, we apply a 3-4 mm thick solution and level it with a jagged edge.
- We start the lining by laying the halves of the tiles on all sides so that the seams on the floor match the seams on the walls. If the tile on the floor is the same as on the walls, the view will be more spectacular.
- We press the floor tile into the solution so that it covers the whole of its lower surface, that is, the layer with thickness b mm shrinks to 3 mm, evenly distributed under the tile.
- Row after row we put the whole tiles. The seams on the floor correspond to the seams on the walls, and their width is 3 mm.