The tallest tree in the world is the giant Hyperion
The tallest tree in the world is a tree offamily Cypress, sequoia. On average, the height of the sequoia reaches ninety meters, and some specimens grow to one hundred and ten meters. The age of such trees reaches three thousand years.
The name Sequoyah comes fromIroquois, spoken by the Cherokee Indians. These languages use a unique syllabic alphabet. Invented this alphabet George Hess, he is Sequoia, - the leader of the Indian Cherokee tribe.
The tallest tree in the world has a crown in the formcone, and its branches grow horizontally or slightly curling downward. The tree has a bark, the thickness of which reaches thirty centimeters. Its root in the earth extends to a shallow depth. Leaves reach a length of up to fifteen to twenty millimeters, at the ends of branches develop modified shoots - cones. In each such cone there are from three to seven seeds, which ripen on maturation and subsequently germinate.
The tallest tree in the world growsCalifornia and the state of Washington, and also meets in the province of British Columbia in the west of Canada. Sequin forests stretch along the Pacific coast of North America.
The necessary condition for the growth of the sequoia isThe high humidity that the sea air carries. Therefore, sometimes trees grow near the edge of the sea, but sometimes grow and at an altitude of about a kilometer. The tallest trees in the world usually grow in ravines of great depth or in gorges, as there can be a flow of moist air all year round. Trees that grow in cool and windy conditions are higher than a layer of fog is formed, usually low and small.
Sequoia, which was given the name Hyperion, is thisthe tallest tree in the world. In 2006, it was discovered in the Redwood National Park, north of the city of San Francisco, California, in the United States of America. The park area, overgrown with ancient redwoods, is almost forty-five thousand hectares. The discoverers of the giant tree that survived to this day became the naturalist Chris Atkins, along with the ecologist Robert van Pelt, the amateur naturalist Michael Taylor, the biologist Steve Saillett.
As for our country, the highesta tree in Russia is a Siberian cedar that grows right on the street of a small Kuzbass town of Berezovsky in the Kemerovo region. After measuring the height of the tree, experts found that its height reaches eighteen meters, and the circumference of the trunk is three meters thirty centimeters. The exact age of the tree is not yet established, but approximately it is two hundred and fifty years. More complete information on the age of cedar will probably be obtained only after a thorough examination. It is not yet clear whether the tree will be protected as a natural monument. To be recognized as such, a tree should not only have a solid age: it is necessary that it was associated with any unreasoned historical events or legends, giving.