The subsistence minimum in Moscow from January 1, 2019
As to how much the subsistence minimum in Moscow will be increased from January 1, 2019, experts are still silent. It is known that the minimum wage must not be lower than the established level of the PM.
MROT in Russia
The amount of the lowest wage established in the country increased to 11 thousand rubles. The increase occurred on May 1 and amounted to 11’163 rubles. According to the data of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, the salary increase will affect almost four million Russians, some of whom are employed in the public sector - 1.6 million people.
The law that allows raising the minimum wage to the level of the subsistence minimum (PM) of an able-bodied citizen has been the most expected over the past two decades. A positive decision on this issue was made at the beginning of the year, when President Vladimir Putin met with the workers of the Tver Plant. Then he promised that the minimum wage would rise already in this, in 2018, and not in the next.
Important! The next increase in the minimum wage will take place from January 1, 2019.
Experts note that this decision should have a positive impact on the income level of the population, since a working person should not be included in the category of poor people. Thus, Labor Minister Maxim Topilin, speaking at the council of the Federation of Independent Trade Unions, said: “We very much look forward to reducing the number of people living below the poverty line. And this topic <working poor> will be partially resolved. "
According to the Federal State Statistics Service, 13.2% of Russians have incomes below the established subsistence minimum. Moreover, if we take the data from 2011, this figure increased - in 2012, 10.7% of poor citizens were registered.
Population in regions whose income is below the subsistence minimum (data as of May 2018)
|Federal District and Region||Highest score||Lowest rate|
|Far Eastern||Sakhalin region||9,7%|
|Jewish Autonomous Region||24,9%|
As for the capital, 8.9% of Russians live here, whose income is lower than the established PM.
Subsistence minimum for children and pensioners
The increase in the minimum wage will also affect the amount of payments for pregnancy and childbirth, and the payment of sick leave. According to the FSS, since the beginning of May, the size of maternity (140 days) has increased to 51 thousand rubles. Previously, there were about 44 thousand rubles. Also, the monthly allowances for a child increased by a thousand rubles - four and a half thousand rubles against 3.1 thousand rubles. However, as explained in the FSS, if this care allowance was assigned before the first of May of this year, then its size will not change.
According to the results of the first quarter, the PM made 10’038 rubles. If we speak in categories, the established amounts are as follows:
- able-bodied citizens - 10’842 rubles;
- pensioners - 8’269 rubles;
- for children - 9’959 rubles.
Compared to the fourth quarter of 2017 (as a percentage), the PM increased: for the able-bodied by 2.5%, for pensioners by 2.4%, and for children - by 3.7%.
If we talk specifically about the regions, then, as the latest news, in Moscow, the cost of living rose to 15.79 thousand rubles. Separately by category:
- citizens of working age - 17’990 rubles;
- children - 13’787 rubles;
- pensioners - 11’157 rubles.
Also, residents of the regions can count on social benefits. For example, the Moscow region provides support to honorary residents in the form of a set of various compensations: free travel in public transport, free production (repair) of dentures, the allocation of sanatorium vouchers and more. All government benefits that Russians can count on are listed on the official websites of the regional departments of social protection of the population.