The return of summer time in Russia in 2019
The transition to "summer" and "winter" time for many countries is quite commonplace. However, not so long ago, we also regularly converted the hands of watches, twice a year rebuilding our entire mode.
For several years now, all Russians have been living in “winter” time, which is quite comfortable with the majority of citizens. But anyway, people are closely watching the news on the topic of the transition to "summer time", because very often from the mouth of politicians are statements about the need to return the watch transfer.
Since the memories of the discomfort associated with the transition to a particular time are still quite fresh, the Russians want to know in advance what to expect in 2019.
The assurances of the government suggest that no changes in the “provisional” policy of the country will occur. Of course, there are quite a few officials who do not tire of pointing out the economic benefits of the two modes of time. In their opinion, now the country needs more than ever the savings that summer time can bring. But their assurances are unlikely to change the position of the government and return the watch transfer.
Why did they talk about the return of “summer” time?
Our country started translating the clock hands since 1917, and since then, the government has repeatedly changed the “temporary” regime.
So, the government changed the dates of transition, and several times completely abolished it, which attracted discontent among citizens and even economic losses.
Needless to say, such a “leapfrog” routine has bothered the Russians, who were forced to constantly adapt themselves to one or another mode of life.
Only in 2014, the situation somewhat "settled down" when the government decided to stop at the "winter" time and not to cancel the transition to the "summer" time.
However, now the debate about the need to transfer hours has resumed, and the reason for this was the deterioration of the economic situation in the country.
So, after almost ten years, during which our state received impressive profits from high oil prices, there came a period of collapse in the value of “black gold” and a fall in the Russian economy. Because of this, revenues to the state budget have significantly decreased, and the issue of saving money has become particularly acute.
Since in some cases funds have ceased to be enough even for basic social programs, the government began to look for ways to cut costs.One of the ways to save is the transition from “winter” time to “summer” time and vice versa. Since the transfer of hours allows the full use of the entire length of daylight hours, it saves up to 4 billion rubles a year.
The adherents of the “summer” time return emphasize that putting the hands forward an hour ahead is not such a big sacrifice, but the benefit from such a measure is quite impressive.
In their opinion, the savings can be used to implement the anti-crisis program and provide the most important articles of the state budget. Given that the country's economy is very slowly emerging from recession, this position is supported by more and more politicians.
In addition, officials take into account the complaints and residents of the eastern regions that the current "winter" time does not fit the rhythm of their lives, because for them the light working day has significantly decreased.
Is the return really profitable?
This question causes a huge amount of controversy, because it is the estimated economic benefit that is the main argument “for” the introduction of different time periods.
Many experts point out that translating hours makes more rational use of daylight and reduces energy consumption.The main benefits from this are the owners of industrial organizations, because they can maximize the use of natural lighting.
As already noted, the country’s transition from one time to another saves close to 4 billion rubles annually.
In addition, it is believed that the presence of two time periods helps to improve the environment. This position is explained quite simply: as much as possible using the entire length of the day, thermal power plants consume less resources, which reduces the amount of harmful substances emitted into the atmosphere.
But these arguments have long been contested by many scientists and economic experts. So, according to economists' estimates, translating the hands an hour forward, and then pulling back the impressive costs of retooling accurate equipment in enterprises. By and large, this practically eliminates all the savings obtained due to the transition to "summer time".
But the main drawback of the introduction of different time periods is its negative impact on human health. We are all accustomed to a specific biological rhythm, sleep and wakefulness, but with the transfer of hours it changes dramatically, forcing our body to quickly adapt to the new rules.
The consequences of such stress are: insomnia, aggravation of chronic diseases, weakening of the immune system, exacerbation of cardiovascular diseases. In the period of adaptation to the new rhythm, people complain of a decrease in working capacity, deterioration of concentration and even depression.
Will summer time be back?
Given that the savings from the transfer of hours is in great doubt, but the harm from this measure is quite real, then it is hardly worth waiting for news regarding the return of “summer” time.
Of course, many politicians will insist on such a need, but the position of the government on this issue is clear: the Russians will continue to live in "winter" time.