According to statistics, about 75% of all fires occur in the residential sector. And this concerns both apartment buildings and private houses, and over time, there will be no less fires. This is due to the fact that modern apartment buildings have a huge number of weak points in terms of refractoriness.
So in the morning and evening, the load on the electrical wiring in such houses is many times higher than the permissible norms, due to the large number of various household appliances in modern apartments.
All finishing and construction materials are divided into combustible (most synthetic plastics and wood fiber materials) and non-combustible (mineral solutions, concrete, glass and ceramic substances). In this case, all finishing materials are further subdivided into classes - M1, M2, M3, depending on the degree of fire safety.
Traditionally, for the decoration of the walls in residential premises are used wallpaper, the choice of which today is very extensive. Paper wallpapers are the most accessible and easy to apply; however, such finishing materials quickly ignite and spread fire.There are also liquid wallpaper, made from cotton or natural cellulose fiber, among the advantages of such material is the low speed of fire propagation, and the lack of release of harmful substances during melting.
Textile wallpapers made from a mixture of fabric fibers with a paper web are also difficult to combustible materials. Modern glass wallpaper made from natural, environmentally friendly mineral materials have absolute fire resistance class M1. Fireproof are also cork wallpaper, made from natural cork material deposited on the paper web, during a fire, such wallpaper does not burn, but smolders, without emitting harmful substances.
Floor coverings also differ depending on flammability, moreover, the choice of such coverings also depends on the intensity of mechanical loads in a particular room, for example, in the kitchen, in the hallway and corridor, the mechanical loads on the floor covering are much higher than, for example, the bedroom.
Experts say that such a modern flooring as a laminate is practically non-flammable and is fireproof, and even a burning cigarette dropped on the floor on such a coating leaves no traces.The pressed cork or expanded polyethylene used as a substrate for laminate is of the same kind of inflammability.
Modern natural linoleum also complies with fire safety requirements, as it is made from a mixture of linseed oil, pine crumbs, jute fiber and lime with a color pigment, which allows laying it on top of floor heating systems.
Modern popular cork multilayer floor panels are also fireproof, do not spread fire and do not emit toxic substances during combustion. It is also worth noting that the package with ottelochnoy material for the floor must contain a special symbol that confirms the fire resistance class of the material.
In the decoration of the ceiling, you can also use fireproof material, instead of traditional whitewashing, painting and hanging structures - stretch ceilings made of PVC film, which belong to the highest class of fire safety M1. In addition, this material for finishing the ceiling allows you to embody the most daring design fantasies.
Comply with fire safety requirements and modern plastic windows, which, unlike wooden windows, are able to withstand high temperatures and ignite at temperatures up to 450 ° C, and therefore restrain the spread of fire between rooms.