Professional standards for teachers in 2019
On December 20, 2016, an All-Russian Conference was held at the Moscow State Psychological and Pedagogical University on the basis of which the introduction of a professional standard for teachers was discussed. The discussion turned out to be quite hot, because the speakers proposed to radically change the format for assessing the professional activities of teachers and frightened teachers with the prospect of passing qualifying exams as early as 2019. What has changed today, and what professional standards will really be for pre-school education staff, subject teachers and high school teachers starting in 2019? Let's figure it out.
Introduction of profestandard
We are talking about the need to standardize the parameters for evaluating professional activities in various spheres of labor, which has been going on since 2012. Then Vladimir Putin, in his speech, said that it was the introduction of unified professional standards that would help the country strengthen the economy and improve the system.education to a new level. The result of the first stage was the development of a strategy for the introduction of professional standards. Such concepts as “professional standard” and “employee qualification” appeared in the Federal Labor Law, and more than 300 projects were proposed for consideration by a special commission, including a draft professional standards for teachers, which was to enter into force as early as 2018 year
At the stage of consideration and open discussion, the unpreparedness of the national education system for such cardinal changes became obvious. Experts decided that both teachers and organizations, on whose shoulders it would be necessary to verify the competence of teachers, need a certain transitional period, which will allow them to easily and as easily as possible adapt to the new requirements.
Features of professional standards for teachers
In essence, the characteristics of a modern teacher are written in detail in the text of the new document;The changes are clear and obvious for young, active and open to innovations specialists, but the teachers who are used to working according to the standards of the “old” school did not like the idea.
So, new professional standards for teachers, the introduction of which was smoothly pushed back to 2019, will require from teachers not only a higher education diploma, but also a number of competencies:
|1||Deep knowledge of the subject.||Even if you are reading math exclusively in grades 5 and 6, you should ideally have mastered the entire school curriculum, including high school topics.|
|2||Basic knowledge in related fields and other subjects.||A prerequisite for conducting integrated lessons, on which the new standard of learning makes a contribution.|
|3||Competence in the field of IT-technologies.||The use of multimedia presentations, video clips, virtual media and various computer programs in the classroom has long been the norm and an integral part of the educational process.|
|4||Understanding of mental and physiological processes occurring in the body of children of different age groups.||
This knowledge will help the teacher to correctly build a format of communication with students, to find the optimal approach to each child and to choose the material that children will perceive with interest and be able to understand.
An important aspect for a modern teacher will be readiness for the fact that a student with special needs may be in a class.
|5||Ability to work with parents and resolve conflicts.||Today these are basic requirements in any area where there is direct contact with people.|
Teachers, seeking to keep pace with the times, have long taken all these points into service, not waiting for the state to prescribe them in a specific document. Those who have tried hard not to notice that the world is changing will have to adapt and learn to work in a new way, realizing the threefold structure:
- effective training;
- education of self-confident and capable of making decisions of the individual;
- all-round development.
How will the new professional standard work?
The requirements are clear and have not been new for a long time, but how will they check who corresponds to the high title “teacher” and who does not? Today, this issue is of concern to many educators, because, despite the fact that graduates of grade 11 in all regions pass exams according to a single standard, the level of teaching in big cities and remote areas may differ significantly.
In order to determine the level of an individual teacher, regardless of the region of his work activity, by 2019 common standards will be developed. And to the stages of certification that are familiar to teachers, the exam will be added. NCT (National Qualification Test) will include questions from three areas:
- subject area (for each direction it will be your own questions);
Projects of such tests have already been submitted for employees of preschool institutions, primary school teachers and subject teachers, psychologists and pathologists, head teachers and directors, as well as other participants in the educational process.
Already on January 1, 2019, when the new professional standard begins to operate, teachers will receive a number of additional opportunities for personal and career growth, namely:
- an active teacher with high results will no longer have to wait 5 years for the next certification;
- having proved a high level, any young specialist will be able to get the appropriate category (it will be possible to “jump over” immediately to 1 or from 2 to the highest);
- career prospects will be reflected in two new positions: senior and leading teacher.
Cons of the upcoming reform
If everything is so rosy, then why are many teachers not happy with innovation?
New professional standards, which the Government plans to introduce for teachers in the coming 2019, can raise such difficult questions to the surface:
- What to do with teachers who cannot prove their qualifications?
- Who will pay the extra tuition for those who failed the exams?
- Who will replace those who do not pass certification or decide to leave education, fearing new requirements?
Today, there are still a lot of questions. Although the creators of the new standards claim that no mass layoffs will occur, and the opportunity to raise one’s level will be given to everyone who wants it, the uncertainty is scary. Only time will tell whether the new standard will be a breakthrough, able to raise the level of teaching and the prestige of the profession or a big headache for small schools, which still have a lot of personnel problems today.