Physical education of children: his goals and tasks
Physical education of children is one of the most important aspects of working with children, directly affecting the health and even the moral character of a nation. A child who has always been successful in playing sports, initially has a higher life potential, self-esteem, resilience, strength and flexibility than his peer who did not receive physical education. In addition, it is for life creates commitment, perseverance and the ability to overcome obstacles.
Tasks and goals of physical education for children
The most important goal pursued by the physical education of children is their health, vitality, harmonious growth and development, increase in strength and mobility of the body, vitality, etc. It must necessarily comply with the rules of a particular age, taking into account physical and psychological aspects.
Properly organized physical education of children has the following functions:
- health promotion and resilience;
- psychosomatic development;
- increased resistance to cold - hardening;
- strengthening immunity to disease;
- increase resistance to harmful environmental influences;
- uplift performance;
- fixing the correct posture;
- promoting the timely proper ossification of the skeleton;
- correct formation of the arch of the foot;
- strengthening and development of the ligamentous-articular apparatus;
- development of the muscles of the body.
The educational part of physical culture contributes to the development of skills such as speed, agility, balance and coordination of movements.
The impact of physical education on the nature of children
Systematic physical education exercises have a very beneficial effect on the formation of the character of the child. With intensive studies and the gradual achievement of goals through pain and inconvenience, will, endurance, diligence, ability to achieve your goals are perfectly tempered. All this has a beneficial effect on the child’s self-esteem and enhances his moral character.
It will also be very good if the physical education teacher forms in children a creative attitude to the exercises.It is thanks to properly organized upbringing that the character of the child is being formed and the formation of his moral attitude to the world.
Features of physical education, depending on age
A newborn baby already has a number of unconditioned motor reflexes. Basically, they pursue the goal of protecting the body from adverse effects, but there are also specific motor reflexes, for example, clenching hands into cams, bending of the body, heel reflex, etc. Next, as you grow, you need to form useful conditioned reflexes and prevent development as much as possible bad habits. Each age has its own characteristics, according to which the program of physical education of children.
The versatility of exercise - the key to success!
It is known that the monotony of loads has an adverse effect on the body. That is why the program of physical education should be balanced by different types of loads. Be sure to need power, dynamic (on the development of speed), coordination (agility) and aerobic (endurance) loads.It is best to combine hiking, swimming, running and strength exercises from the GTO standard. Then the body of the growing child will develop evenly and harmoniously. This applies to those children who do not go to the big sport. For those who went there, completely different rules are already in effect - the first place is not the preservation of health, but the achievement of sports results.