Modern storm sewers and wastewater treatment plants
In our rapidly changing time, each industry receives new opportunities for improvement and further growth. This trend has not bypassed the sphere of engineering systems of buildings and communications of settlements in general. In today's review, we, together with IVSoil experts, will consider the main components of a proper and professional sewage system for a modern drainage device in urban areas.
The importance of cleaning stormwater in the city
The more populated a city or village is, the more built-up areas need maintenance and maintenance of good functionality. So, asphalted areas of business centers, gas stations, parking lots or parking areas require daily cleaning and washing. In turn, along with water from such sites hundreds of tons of crude reagents and oil-containing impurities flow down.Such water needs high-quality purification before it is discharged into the environment or into the general city sewer. The same applies to ordinary rainwater runoff, which at each rain or precipitation fall on the artificial surface and drain into the storm sewer system.
The first task facing the storm sewage of a settlement is to collect and discharge all the water that came in the form of precipitation. After all, artificial pavement sites do not have an absorbency and can only accumulate water, making it difficult to travel and walk through the territory. For this purpose, networks of underground utilities and pipelines were originally developed to collect and divert a large influx of sediments.
The second task facing the storm sewage system of a modern settlement is to prevent contamination of the soil and the environment with hazardous impurities contained in the surface run-off. It can be a variety of oils, gasoline, diesel fuel and in general the dirt flowing from buildings, cars and artificial surfaces. The greater the danger of this negative environmental impact, the larger the area from which these drains are collected.That is why it is so important to comply with all building codes and regulations when building large areas and cities.
Importance of storm sewer system design
Any idea in the construction and development of the urban environment begins primarily with a professional project. A good project takes into account not only the current needs of the settlement, but also provides for an increase in the possible load on the system, taking into account the increase in the built-up area and the number of residents. Any project of a local storm sewage system must be linked to a citywide or village sewage system. These two projects on paper must fully comply with each other and should be, in fact, one whole. The mistake of many architects is that they do not take into account the peculiarities of the urban sewage system as a whole and do not think for the future. That is why projects in the field of sanitation should be dealt with by people who have sufficient experience in designing and implementing similar projects.
Elements of a modern rain sewer system
Like every system, storm sewer consists of a number of components, a certain list of elements and parts.First of all, these are the networks of pipelines through which water flows and enters the sewage treatment plant and further into the city drainage network. Secondly, it is, of course, rain intake grids, trays and funnels, where the water gets immediately after it runs down the asphalt. Thirdly, these are storm sewage treatment plants, which are developed individually for a given performance and for certain treatment indicators. The degree of cleaning depends primarily on the destination of the stormwater runoff. If it is a city collector, the drains are not completely cleaned. If it is water bodies or terrain, the water should be cleaned as efficiently as possible. For this purpose, dozens of models of oil traps, oil traps, oil separators, sand traps and sorption filters have been developed on the market. A short list of them can be found here..
The importance of proper installation of sewage systems
Well, the final stage of any preparatory work - the stage of the project or installation. From a professionally performed installation of any underground sewage system depends on its long operation over many long years.Therefore, the device and installation of storm sewers should be approached with all the responsibility and understanding of the case. Unfortunately, today there are not so many companies on the market that professionally provide services for the installation of sewage systems. In the private segment, it is usually the builders of general specialization. In the field of municipal construction, it is usually large developers involved in the construction of large sewer networks. Few companies working in the market of professional selection of equipment, design of sewage networks of modern materials and at the same time offering the services of installation of turnkey sewage. Nowadays there is a certain shortage in the work of companies that have the opportunity to take all the work from the project to the turnkey delivery of all networks of underground communications. Each such company is worth its weight in its region of presence. And every major developer or investor knows such specialists by heart. An example of a storm sewage company in Moscow can be found here.
So, in today's article we briefly described the role of storm and rain sewers in the functioning of cities and towns.In a nutshell and accessible language, we tried to answer the question of what a modern storm sewer system is. The more we know about the structure and functioning of invisible, but vital systems for ensuring the work of settlements, the more clearly we will see our future with our new, promising opportunities.