Lesotho: the capital, population and attractions
Even a very small country can beoriginal and original. Especially if it is located on such an exotic continent as Africa. It is there that Lesotho is a small state, surrounded on all sides by the borders of South Africa. It is not very well known to tourists, and completely in vain. What is the capital of the country called Lesotho and what interesting things can you tell about these regions?
The main city of this state is calledSo. The Kingdom of Lesotho is surrounded by the border of the Republic of South Africa from all sides. In the capital, this is particularly noticeable. The city ends with state borders on three sides. Perhaps, if it is necessary to find the most undistinguished center of the African country, the leader on the list will be the capital of Lesotho. The Kingdom of Lesotho has an interesting nature and ancient culture, but you will not find them in the main city. Maseru is a boring town with only a few streets. There are surprisingly few high-rise buildings, and the attractions are limited to supermarkets. Outside the central streets are typical African houses, which can be seen in any chaotic built-up hamlet. However, at least once a tourist-enthusiast tourist should see Lesotho. The capital allows you to find a surprisingly cheap accommodation - just four hundred rand you will have a cottage with a kitchen for the night. The local currency rate is easy to calculate. One American dollar equals seven rand.What's unusual, spending the night in the capital is enoughbudget not only by the standards of Africa, but also within the state itself - from national attractions you will have to pay for spending the night about two hundred rand more.
The capital of the state of Lesotho is located near theborder, so you can get there from South Africa through several checkpoints. The traveler does not need a visa - you will simply put a stamp on your passport. Guests of the country simply write in a special notebook, after which you can safely go to explore the mysterious edge of Lesotho. The main asphalt road of the state is located in the center of Maseru. Therefore, often the first thing that tourists see in Lesotho is the capital. The most accurate and equipped checkpoints are right here. A total of eight, and some of them are located directly on a dusty country road without asphalt, in a small house of a very modest kind. If you want exotics, look for just such, but for the familiar form of the border to enter it is near the capital of the country.
There are several amazing features,which distinguish Lesotho. The capital is glad to tourists, but not to their cameras: photography here often causes displeasure and even anger. Passers-by will look at your camera obliquely, guards can make comments, and even the main temple Maseru better not to capture: the abbot may want a personal conversation, and she will not be friendly. There is no explanation for such a wary attitude, but for some reason all important objects are for some reason considered secret.
In fact, the most interesting and unusualdetails await you far away from Maseru. It is worth going to the interior of the country, to where the asphalt roads end and the mountains begin. There you can see the ancient Lesotho. The capital is filled with modernity and inscriptions in English, and far away from civilization there are still local tribes of sotzes wandering about in loincloths that preserved the original culture of the state untouchable.
What is it worth to look in Lesotho? Information about the country may seem scarce, but this state still deserves attention, primarily because of the most important local landmark.It is a mountainous country, and the most beautiful place, tooIt differs in height, although it has an artificial character. Dam Katze - the second largest in Africa, a structure that can be called one of the wonders of the world. To go to it from the capital you need a picturesque mountain serpentine, which in itself deserves attention. On the way you can see the traditional buildings made of stone with thatched roof and climb to the pass at a height of three thousand meters above sea level. Do not be bored definitely. The pass is the highest in Africa, and on other continents such occur infrequently. Soon after, you can already see a huge reservoir stretching for 50 kilometers. It was created within the framework of a special project developed jointly with South Africa. It aims to collect and transfer water from mountainous areas to areas characterized by dry weather.
Then to the attention of travelers the dam opens. The height of the main part is almost 200 meters, and the width is 710. It required 2 million tons of concrete for its construction. Daily on the dam is an excursion: the beginning - at 9 and 14 hours. In its framework, you can get inside, but it's forbidden to photograph in the process. In the dam, there are many picturesque tunnels, elevators, locks and high-tech equipment. You can stop at the hotel in a hotel, from the windows of which you can see this wonderful building.
History of the country
A small island on the map appeared as a result ofAnglo-Boer wars of the nineteenth century, when the Wehs, the people of Lesotho, decided to conclude an alliance with the British. They fought them together against the neighboring Africans. The Boers now and then seized the lands of the calves and thereby reduced the territory of the kingdom, so the decision to participate in the war against them was obvious.As a result, the British conquered, subduedall the southern part of the continent and allocated for the allies a small piece of land - a protectorate called Basutoland. However, real independence for a long time the chalets did not receive, and part of the historical territories remained outside the area allocated for the kingdom on the map.
Lesotho and South Africa
Despite the difficult history, now the country is allshe also obtained sovereignty. Interestingly, the capital of the kingdom of Lesotho is surrounded on three sides by the border of South Africa, and the influence of a large neighbor on the state is immeasurable, but independence in these parts appeared much later. The Boers had long existed in the country of apartheid, and in the center of their territory there was a section of English land - a protectorate. Only in 1966 Lesotho was granted independence from Britain. However, the influence of the European country is noticeable here and now. English is even the second state language on a par with the national dialect sesoto. All signs and posters remind of British rule. Price lists in the store are also in English. In a word, a tourist who is unfamiliar with exotic dialects, it will not be difficult to find a common language with the locals. At the moment, the country's population is 2 031 000 people.