How to configure a local network?

A local area network is a computer network thatServes users of several computers at a short distance from each other. It is very convenient for use in the office and at home. So, for example, if you have two computers at home, setting up a local network between them will allow you to transfer information from one computer to another through a working folder without a flash drive or disk, and also use one Internet connection and play games on the network. Savings and convenience will be obvious, the main thing is to understand how to set up a local network. We will consider this issue with respect to Windows XP and Windows 7.

You will need:

  1. two computers;
  2. two network cards;
  3. Network cable for connecting computers, crimped with RJ-45 connectors, the same patch cord;
  4. A switch is required if more than two computers are used to create the network.

How to configure a local network in Windows XP

  1. First, install network cards in computers (usually using PCI connectors) and drivers for them.
  2. The next step is to configure networkcomputers. You must perform the following actions as an administrator. Go to the network connection settings: Start - Control Panel - Network Connections. Then right-click on "Local Area Connection" and select "Properties". Now you will need the "TCP / IP Internet Protocol", then click on "Properties". Before you will be a window, you need to specify this information: IP address: 192.168.1.X, on computers in order of 1 put numbers (1 - the first computer, 2 - the second computer). Provide the required numbers on each computer. The subnet mask should look like this: 255.255.255.0
  3. Now we need to ensure that computers are accessible to each other.friend. In the Network Neighborhood, specify the same workgroup name for both computers. To do this, right-click on "My Computer" and select "Properties". The "System Properties" window will appear before you. Select "Computer name", click "Change", set the same names for the workgroup, and make sure that the computer names are different. Then you need to confirm the changes ("OK") and restart the computers. After a reboot, they will be on the same network.
  4. Now it remains to create a connection between computers using a patch cord.
  5. We looked at how to configure the connectionthe local network in Windows XP. To test the connection on the first computer, click "Start" - "Run" and enter "ping 192.168.1.2 -t". If you see the lines "Answer from ...", which will be repeated, then the network is working.

How to configure a local network in Windows 7

Windows 7 is a very popular operating system today, so the question of how to set up a local network in it is of concern to many. So, let's begin!

First, check the settings of the workgroup,because computers with Windows 7 can find each other themselves, provided that they have the same workgroup name. The default name of the workgroup is "Workgroup". If the names of the working groups do not match, then this should be corrected by giving them the same names.

  1. Open the following: Start - My Computer - Properties. Find "Computer name" and, if necessary, change the name of the workgroup. To change, you must select "Change", here you can enter any computer name.
  2. Provided that the network cable has been connectedbefore installing Windows 7, the network must identify itself. If it is not found, try restarting the computer. If the network is not found after that, you will have to perform the installation manually. In the following paragraphs we will consider how to do this.
  3. Go to "Connect to the network", find "Network and Internet", then - "Network Management Center" and "View the status of tasks and network."
  4. Select the network card, right-click on its network card icon and select "Properties."
  5. Before you will see a window, click on "ProtocolInternet of the fourth version (TCP / IP v4) ". Then the window will open, as in Windows XP, there you need to set all the necessary settings. The IP address and subnet mask are configured in the same way as in Windows XP.

Here's how to configure the computer-to-computer LAN in Windows 7.

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