Composition of mixed fodder
Mixed fodder is a complex product that is usedfor the fattening of animals in domestic and farming. Work on the territory of Russia specialized feed mills that produce mixed feeds are different in composition and complexity, designed for chickens and pigs, cows and rabbits, as well as for other domestic animals.
Fodder for pigs
In the body of pigs there is a hightension of physiological processes, as these animals not only quickly proliferate, but also grow rapidly with the correct organization of feeding, with properly selected feeds. The composition of mixed fodders depends on the purpose for which the animal is kept in the farm, what is its age, and how intensively it should grow. But in any case, the composition of pork feed includes cereal crops, which, being the basis for the production of the product for the animal, provide its body with nutrients. In part, cereals supplement the animal's body with useful minerals and vitamins for their growth and reproduction, but most of these substances are added to the compound feed in the form of additional ingredients.
As a rule, feed mills produceseveral kinds of mixed fodders for pigs - for pigs, for sows, for pigs for slaughter. Each of these feeds differs in composition. For example, for piglets up to the age of 42 days feed is given, 73% of which is peeled (grain crops), 13% - fish meal and soybean meal (proteins), 4% - mineral-vitamin group (chalk and monocalcium phosphate, premix DKS-3 and salt). The remaining 10% is dry milk and ZSOM.
Composition of mixed fodders for pigs, whichare fattened for slaughter, the following: 81% of wheat, barley, triticale, wheat bran; 14.5% protein group; 4,5% - mineral-vitamin group consisting of monocalcium phosphate and premix P KC-4, porcine and salt, chalk and lysine. The most important thing is that the composition of mixed fodders for pigs fully correspond to all the physiological possibilities of consuming dry matter to animals, provide it with energy, but not in excess, but in strict accordance with the need. The total feed is saturated with so many amino acids that will fully satisfy the need of the animal's body. Lack of amino acids in feed for pigs leads to inhibition of their growth and development, to the occurrence of diseases.
Often, the composition of fodder for pigs containsa number of additional substances due to which the animal receives a sufficient amount of protein and methionine + cystine, lysine. For this, waste from the production of sunflower and linseed oil is used. Premixes for pig mixed fodders contain vitamins and mineral salts, the quantitative and qualitative index of which corresponds to each physiological group of animals. This combination allows you to receive a high weight gain in pigs, and also to use effectively each kilogram of mixed fodder.
Feed for rabbits
At the moment, the domestic industryinsufficient attention is paid to full-feed fodders for rabbits. At the same time, every year the number of rabbit breeders increases, which tend to provide their animals with adequate nutrition. As practice shows, if rabbits fully eat, then for 24 hours the gain of live weight will be equal to 35 g at the age of a rabbit from 60 to 100 days. If rabbits feed on granulated mixed fodders, they should have uninterrupted access to clean drinking water. For full-grown animals are not enough granulated mixed fodders, so they are fed with hay and succulent fodders, depending on the season. In granulated mixed fodders, in addition to grain crops, there are vitamins and trace elements.
Some industrial enterprises offerthe following composition of mixed fodders for rabbits: sunflower meal and barley; wheat and yeast fodder; melis and forage stalk; common salt and premix bran wheat; premix P90-1 and lysine monochlorohydrate. And the mass composition of barley should not exceed 45%; wheat - no more than 25%; bran wheat - 20%; sunflower meal - 15%.
Fodder for chickens
Purchased feed for chickens iscompletely balanced product, which contains all vitamins and trace elements necessary for bird nutrition, as well as other biologically active substances, thanks to which chickens develop safely and begin to carry eggs. If we are talking about the domestic maintenance of chickens, then, as a rule, this bird is bred, both for meat and eggs. Therefore, laying hens should receive fodder, contributing to the improvement of their inferiority. Balanced feed for chickens allows you to get a larger egg with a strong shell; increase the intensity of oviposition; improve the taste of eggs, as well as their color; increase the resistance of the body to all sorts of specific diseases, as well as provide the bird with the energy that is necessary for it for normal development and existence.
As a rule, all feed for hensare divided into three categories: for chickens, young animals and adult chickens. Of course, for different age groups different feeds are required. So, feed for chickens laying hens contains wheat and fish flour, phosphate and forage fodder, salt and premix P1-2, 2 types of cake - sunflower and soy, as well as corn. In feed for young hens contains: sunflower seed meal and soybean; corn and barley; phosphate and wheat bran; fish meal and forage; table salt and premix P1-2. For adult chickens it is recommended to use mixed feed with the following ingredients: sunflower and soybean meal, forage shell and corn; phosphate and common salt; barley and fish meal; Premix P1-2 and wheat.
Knowing the ingredients that are required forpreparation of mixed fodders for a certain type of animals, owners of private farms with a small number of animals or birds, can independently prepare the correct and balanced feed. It is very important that when cooking for animals, all the proportions that the recipes of mixed fodders recommend are maintained. In addition, do not forget that the mixed fodder is prepared in accordance with the age of the animal. And feed for pigs has nothing to do with chickens, that is, you can not give pigs the food of other animals and vice versa. This is fraught with negative consequences for animals.
Feed for rabbits can be prepared bycompounds of 30% herbal flour and 19% of ground wheat or oats; 15% of wheat bran and 19% of ground maize or barley; 2% fish meal and 13% sunflower meal; 1% hydrolytic yeast and 0.5% common salt, bone meal.
Fodder for laying hens is prepared from 62.5%wheat and 4% bone meal; 2.3% sunflower oil and 2.5 yeast fodder; 0.070% of food soda and 0.101% of table salt; 1.95 tricalcium phosphate and 7.50% limestone flour; 17,5% of sunflower meal and 0,118% of L-THREONIN; 0.301% L-lysine mono-chlorohydrate and 0.100% DL-methionine 98.5%, 0.06% choline chloride B4 and 1% premix P1-2.