Coltsfoot - description of the plant, beneficial properties and contraindications
Coltsfoot: perennial, represented in his family only species.
Collecting a coltsfoot as a medicinal herb is recommended in forests, ravines, on the slopes of steep hills or on the banks of rivers. That is, in those places where there is no agricultural activity.
The fact is that the plant has the bad glory of a weed, which is very difficult to remove from the cultivated soil. Therefore, to combat it, they use not soft, broad-spectrum herbicides, but powerful tordal, banven, designed specifically to destroy the rhizomes of this herb. Therefore, plants harvested from agricultural land can be soaked with these harmful substances.
The flowers are bright yellow, very similar to dandelion flowers at all stages of its development, only smaller in size, appear two to three weeks earlier, as soon as the snow melts.
They differ in that the plant blooms completely without leaves. They appear from the vegetative buds on rhizomes later, in the second stage of development of the coltsfoot.
The name of the grass was due to the difference of the bottom, silver-green, covered with a fluff, warm, soft to the touch surface of the sheet ("mother") and the upper, glossy, cold ("stepmother"). Other names: butterbur, mother grass, frost, water burdock, pobel, double-faced.
You can meet this plant in all parts of the world, except the tropics, thanks to seeds, equipped with a "parachute", like a dandelion. The presence of such a device allows the seed to drift in air currents for a great distance.
The use of coltsfoot as a medicine has been practiced since the days of ancient Egypt. For medical purposes, the entire aboveground part of the grass is harvested. In the first place - as a strong expectorant for colds, pneumonia.
It has an enveloping, diaphoretic, antispasmodic, disinfecting, anti-inflammatory action.
It helps in the treatment of arthritis, atherosclerosis (external use - fresh flowers and leaves, internal - 1 tablespoon dry dried leaves for 1 tbsp.boiling water, insist 30 minutes, 1 tbsp. l 4 - 6 times a day)
As an additional means in the treatment of malignant tumors (2 tablespoons of dry, frayed leaves for 1 cup of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, 1 tablespoon 4 to 5 times a day).
Still, its main quality in medicine is its use as an antitussive. Properly brewed, this natural medicine works no worse than yellow alpine poppy preparations - but without its narcotic effects.
In folk medicine, infusions and decoctions of leaves and flowers are used by coltsfoot to treat scrofula and dropsy, and with the help of juice prepared from the leaves and roots of the plant, pulmonary tuberculosis and malaria are treated.
Leaf gruel is used for breastfeeding, applied to abscesses and calluses, used for purulent skin diseases, tumors, bruises, and inflammation of the veins.
Fresh leaves are applied to the wounds to get rid of their headaches. Crushed dry leaves smoke with shortness of breath and difficulty breathing, and fresh sap plants treat a cold.
This plant is also used in cooking, various sauces are made of it, salads are prepared, as seasoning in soups, meat dishes, cabbage rolls are made from leaves, and used as a spice in cooking casseroles and omelets.
If you decide to dig a well, look for a place where a coltsfoot grows best, even the ancient Romans considered it a flower, showing the presence of groundwater.
Use in traditional medicine
First you need to properly collect and prepare the plant. Collected flowers, leaves are laid out in one layer in a cool room with good ventilation or ventilation. Leaves preferably in the dark (to stop the process of photosynthesis). Dry 5-6 days.
The prepared raw material is stored for two or three years. To do this, you need to fold it into thick canvas bags, cardboard boxes or plywood boxes. And to prepare healing infusions, decoctions can be so.
One and a half tablespoons of crushed leaves and flowers are poured with a glass of boiling water, placed in a water bath for 15 minutes, drained, and water is added up to 250 ml. Do not need more, the decoction should be used within 2 days.
When brewing a coltsfoot, mucus is secreted, enveloping the mucous membranes of the larynx and alleviating its irritation, eliminates inflammation. That is the factors causing cough. In addition, at the same time the decoction works as a diaphoreic, therefore, the influence of drafts should be excluded, especially for children and patients with a weakened immune system.
With a painful, acute cough, take a tablespoon every two hours. After improving the condition, you should switch to a sparing regimen, taking the product in a tablespoon no more than three times a day.
Children under 12 years old are given medication not in the canteen, but in a teaspoon.
For acute, “barking” coughing, it is better to use the option of an infusion with plantain, which strengthens and at the same time softens the harsh effect of a coltsfoot. To do this, mix herbs 1: 1, brew, as usual.
Coltsfoot is a powerful anti-inflammatory agent rich in biologically active substances. Therefore, it should be used with caution, it is better - after consulting with a specialist.
Squeezed juice from the leaves is used for the common cold, burying one or two drops in the nose
Several recipes of traditional medicine
A decoction of herbs (for compresses) or its fresh crushed leaves are used externally, applying them for inflammation of the veins.
With skin diseases - allergies, baldness, acne, make therapeutic baths from infusion mother and stepmother prepare therapeutic baths. 200 g of crushed flowers and leaves pour 3 liters of boiling water and leave for 4 hours. Strain and dilute with warm water (36-37 ° C).Take a bath in 1-2 days 8-10 times in a row.
For respiratory diseases, pour fresh or dried flowers with vodka. Tightly close, insist week in the dark. Reception of means to food, on 30 - 40 drops three times a day.
With intestinal diseases - enema from the cooled broth, cooked in a water bath.
In a mixture with oregano, alder cones and hop cones, a decoction is made for the treatment of hemorrhoids.
Ulcers, boils, scrofula, bedsores, diaper rash - compresses of crumpled leaves or decoction.
With the disease of the gastrointestinal tract, renal colic, catarrh of the bladder 2 tbsp. l crushed flowers and leaves of coltsfoot pour 1 tbsp. boiling water, insist 30 minutes., take 1 tbsp. l 4-5 times a day on an empty stomach.
The presence of carotenoids, alkaloids, tannins and essential oils in the flowers and leaves of the mother and stepmother allows it to be used as an effective cosmetic product.
- For use in cosmetics primarily used anti-inflammatory and disinfectant properties of the plant. For example, it is an excellent treatment for dandruff.
- Apply it as well for hair loss.Used in a mixture with nettle leaves. To do this, one tablespoon of crushed herbs poured 200 grams of boiling water and wait for complete cooling. Apply for rinsing hair after shampooing.
- To increase the tone of the skin mix 1 tablespoon of dried flowers of coltsfoot, 1 - flowers of calendula. It is used in the form of warm compresses, while you can not drain the decoction, but use a lot of brewed grass for applications on the forehead, nose, chin, and the liquid itself, wetting it with cotton-gauze cosmetic wipes, on the delicate area of the eyelids and around the eyes.
- Before the manicure treatment of the nails, make compresses in the area of the cuticles on the first (nail) phalanx of the fingers.
The video story of mother and machiha is healthy and tasty.
The coltsfoot is contraindicated in people with liver pathologies, women during lactation and in the first third of pregnancy (risk of miscarriage), children under five years of age. Also, do not recommend the use of drugs from this plant in case of allergy to its pollen.
Long-term medication gives a significant burden on the kidneys, so when jade and other renal pathologies from treatment of coltsfoot is better to refrain.